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  project name ~ Hanagal Livelihood Development, Karnataka

category ~ rural development and environment




  Project Name


Hanagal Livelihood Development, Karnataka



SPS (Samaj Parivartana Samudaya)



rural development and environment







  Budget Approved


Rs 366950


  Year Approved







1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8  

  Chapter Coordinators


Sridhar Rajam







SR Hiremath discussing the activities with the panchayat members in hanagal taluk





This project aims at i) better management of Common Property
Resources (CPRs) for a resource base for the target group focussing
on i) Non-Timber Forest produces (NTFPs) i.e. fodder for sheep
rearing and diary, firewood for cooking, small timber for housing
and agriculture equipment, raw material for village artisans,
fruits, madicinal plants, fibre, etc for consumption and livelihood.
ii) incresing argricultural yield by better management of natural
resources on one hand and its sustainable produvtivity on the other,
through vermi culture,composting and bio- gas. iii) health and
education component human and animal health focussing preventive
measures for cattle, sheep, goat, chicken, and fish on ome hand and
creating awareness on advocacy efforts basically to protect the
rights of the tribals and rural poor over natural resources for

The other main aspect of the project is the implementation of the Panchayat Raj
Act in karanataka.

SPS is striving to make Panchayati Raj Institution (PRI), especially the Ward and Gram Sabhas, meaningful for the poor through the people’s movement for

empowerment of Gram Sabha and PRIs spearheaded by the Gram Ganarajya Vedike(GGV) and coordinated by SPS. SPS will involve the rural poor in the process of

planning from below ( for their locality through Ward and Village through Grama Sabha) as was done last year for Nichchavanahalli Panchayat. SPS will also

utilize the Right To Information (RTI), a powerful tool to deal with corruption and accountability issues.

In this proposal which is the second year of the three year project, SPS is focussing on empowering the rural poor in two consecutive Gram Panchayats, viz.,

Nichchavvanahalli (SPS) and Tavadur (IDS) in Harapanahalli taluka, Davanagere District. This proposal is based on the effective implementation of the

National Rural Employment Gaurantee Act (NREGA), 2005 in three selected villages in the semi-arid Harapanahalli Taluka of Davanagere District through the

partnership of Samaj Parivartana Samudaya (SPS) and the Association for India’s Development (AID), Cincinnati, USA during the year 2006-07.

As a first step, SPS in partnership with India Development Service (IDS), which was founded by Shri S. R. Hiremath, has formed a Devanagere NREGA consortium

to work intensively on the issues of NREGA and livelihood issues, on one hand and strengthening PRIs in these two Gram Panchayats.

Major interventions/activities:

Mobilization for employment registration: The majority of labourers’ families in the two GPs generally migrate every year in the months of November and

December to the estates ofChickmagalur area in search of work. NREGA calls for 100 days of guaranteed employment to every rural household willing to do

unskilled manual work. Despite this, many households in need are not aware of the provisions. Although the government has attempted to make villagers aware

of the act, effective action to mobilize the interested households has been missing. The consortium will ensure that registrations for the program are made,

and applications for work are mobilized and verified, keeping migration season in mind. The consortium will work with local communities to assure that a

system of registration open throughout the year at GP level will be maintained & lists of members willing to do manual work will be put up on GP notice board

for transparent selection. Each GP will maintain the registration register and each person will be assigned a unique registration number and job card. A

system of submitting the work application in advance will be maintained. All these are possible if at GP level employment guarantee day of the week is fixed

and regularly held for processing applications, work allotment & wage payment. One day of the week will be fixed for work allotment and payments in each Gram

Panchayat .

Formulation of shelf of projects: With involvement of the villagers who will do the work and get the benefit, a shelf of mini projects will be formulated at

each GP level. They will be developed so that they result into sustainable livelihood assets and offer an opportunity of working at least 14 days

continuously for any labourer involved. Mini projects like soil conservation, afforestation tank de-siltation, contour bunding, silvi-pasturing etc., will be

undertaken which may provide the employment for more than a fortnight continuously.

a) Renovation of existing tanks for fish rearing: Presently 3 tanks exist in the two GPs, which have the potential to be the source of livelihood for 80

families for fish rearing. The plan is to renovate the exiting 3 tanks by the end of 3rd year. The benefit for the total 80 poor families will be Rs 1.5

lakhs per annum.

b) Developing fodder for milk animals: Out of the forest and other common lands amounting to 15,575 hectares in 2 GPs, approximately 350 hectares are being

used as grazing areas for the sheep, goats, and cattle. The quality of fodder has declined due to degradation. The plan is to restore these grazing lands by

using afforestation, silvi pasture and social forestry strategies. Fodder trees like Anjan (which act as fodder banks during drought), and grasses such as

stylo hamata, stylo scatra and varieties of traditional grasses will be grown.

c) Soil and water conservation on the common lands: Out of the total area of 30212.72
hectares in 2 GPs, there is 12831.78 hectares of forestland and 2742.94 hectares of revenue land, for which land treatments like staggered trenches, bolder

checks, etc., will be undertaken. Components like afforestation, horticulture and silvipasture will be value addition. Aa a result of this development, water

will be conserved. By the end of 3rd year, trees will be established and ground water will recharge by 50-60%. Productivity of these lands will increase by

as much as100%.

d) Soil and water conservation on private lands: After the upper reaches of the watersheds are treated, work on the farmers’ field will be taken up. They

will include contour buds, agro
forestry RBC/LBC, farm ponds, etc. This work, along with the impact of the work undertaken in the upper reaches will significantly improve agricultural

production and decrease the impact of the low rainfall.

Strengthening of Labours Sanghas & SHGs: Since the NREGA planning and implementation is carried out by involving the people at village level, the community

will be socially mobilized by forming 66 sanghas. The consortium will train them on such important topics as: schedule of rates, measurement of works, double

entry systems of accounts and various monitoring formats such as job cards, registration register, and asset register. These sanghas will be involved in

programme planning, preparation of action plans, plan implementation, and monitoring of works to ensure their quantity and quality. They also will be

involved in utilizing the sustainable assets for livelihood activities. They will also be involved in thrift and credit activities. At the end of three

years, they will have significant savings and will know how to mange it as well as how to continue to increase their income through the utilization of their

savings and their increased assets.

Social Audit and Utilizing RTI In order to ensure transparency and accountability people
especially our TG will be trained in Jamabandi public vigilance, (Social Audit) which is being held once in a year. The consortium will work with the

peoples’ organizations to see that this is carried out in such a manner that the concerned affected persons’ priorities and preferences are taken into

account. The focus will be on transparency, participation, and informed consent of affected people, accountability and redressal of grievances through an

established mechanism. The Right to Information (RTI) will be utilized to get the information and details needed for doing an effective social audit. People

will be trained in RTI

Advocacy and Networking: The consortium members will meet at least once in a month and
share their experiences and sort out the field problems. The consortium will do the liaison work with the State Level, District Level and Taluka Level

Officers to solve the problems raised in the field and to work to improve NREGA in Karnataka and across the country. The work of the members of the NGO

consortium of Davanagere District with networks like GGV and NCPNR over the years have given them a standing in the NGO community of Karnataka. It places

them well to pursue the net working and advocacy effectively on the issues of NREGA and livelihood and related work. In addition to the work undertaken in

each village, efforts will be made to build networks of local people to deal with issues relating to NREGA and to share their experiences with people in the

new districts where NREGA work is being taken up and even in other states. Activities to involve networks in advocating for the proper implementation of

NREGA for the benefit of the poorest people will include: Workshops and Rural Camps for NGOs and representatives of Village Institutions Representatives,

especially for Haveri District, where consortium members are working and where NREGA will be introduced in 2007; Conducting Public Hearings, Sharing

information including the development of materials explaining the programme and the various rights and responsibilities of the participants in it; advocacy

with GPs, TPs, ZPs and State Government and relating to the NGOs inside and outside Karnataka, especially those in South India.





SPS has successfully implemented livelihood development program for 3841 target families in cluster of villages in Hanagal and Harapanahalli taluka in Devanagere district, Karnataka, with emphasis on effective management of common property resources. Natural Resource Managament In Kusnoor village, where villagers undertook the famous ‘pluck and plant’ satyagraha along with SPS to acquire 350 acres of common land to plant indigenous tree varieties, the Village Forest Committee (VFC) oversees the cultivation. The VFC comprises of the members of the Panchayats as well as other villagers including members of the women’s SHGs. A forest department official is also invited for VFC meetings. National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (NREGA) SPS along with NBSS&LUP (National Bureau of soil survey and Land Utilization Planning) and Univ of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad did an extensive soil survey in Dyapanayakanahalli village, which is classified as a semi- arid zone. SPS had trained the Gram Panchayat and the villagers about the functioning of NREGA. About 118 job cards have been issued, of which 100 have gained employment for 50 days in 2006. This village had adequate information about the details of NREGA and have availed the benefits, thanks to the awareness created by SPS. The villagers have proposed to build a few check dams, a road and a pond for the village in the near future through NREGA. In Kumaranahalli Gokatte village too the NREGA scheme has been successfully implemented. The villagers have constructed a 350m bund (gokatte) at the outskirts of the village. Dyapanhalli Dist. Davanagere The whole village signed up for jobs through the NREGA and was given 100 days of work at Rs. 62 per day, the minimum daily wage at that time. Anyone who had a job card could work. Rs. 4,40,000 (about $11,000) was spent and 95 to 100 villagers got employment during the leanest three months of the year. The end product was a large water reservoir (gokatte) and 6 bore wells. Involving local government and non governmental parties in the development process The Assistant Director, Agriculture, Harapanahalli was involved and helped by supplying seeds as well as micro and macro nutrients at subsidized rates. ICRISAT in Hyderabad was approached for supply of seeds and also responded positively. At present they are harvesting edible gum, Tumery leaves (for making beedies), thatching grass, fruits, etc. The Scientists from the University of Agricultural Sciences (UAS), Dharwad and the Botanists from the Karnataka University, Dharwad have been invited to interact with local forest communities and officials. Advocacy SPS has been lobbying extensively for policy changes that benefit the poor. By its order of October 16, 2004, the Government of Karnataka had acted to devolve functions, finances and powers to local bodies, including Gram Panchayats. However, various vested interests including MLAs, have been pressuring the government to withdraw the above order. SPS, through GGV, has launched a State wide campaign against amendment to Karnataka Panchayat Raj Act. SPS is also working with national groups for advocacy of land and forest rights of the marginalized people SPS initiated the three year program simultaneously in six panchayats .Activities at Mantagi Panchayat (Taluka :Hangal ,District : Haveri ) was carried out with the support of AID-Cinncinnati and Deshpande Foundation (DF) grant. During the year ,for the first six months ,SPS utilized DF grant of Rs. Rs.2,83,013 (including for the work at other two panchayts, namely ,Yadoga (Taluka:Haliyal ,District :Uttar Kannada) and Halligeri (Taluka and District :Dharwad) and for later six months AID –Cincinnati grant of Rs 3,16,869 ($ 7,900). A detailed survey of 33 villages in six panchayaths including Mantagi,Laxmipur,Shivpur,Bharat Gollar Daddi,Sagarvalli and Kamanahalli in Mantagi panchayat was carried out to understand the socio-economic condition of the communities, local issues,status of panchayats ,local natural resources , local peoples organizations etc SPS has organized training and capacity building program to the target group families, communities, peoples representatives ,volunteers and staff for awareness generation .The main purpose of the program is to inform, involve and facilitate the community in the mechanisms of community intervention and participation , namely ward and grama sabha , local level planning (janayozana) ,Jamabandi ( yearly audit of physical and financial progress of the Panchayat by the community) ,social audit ( as a means of continuous public vigilance ) etc., 24 Village Forest Committees (VFCs) , as on date , are managing 12,780.75 ha. of forest lands and 8,349.97 ha. of revenue lands .The local communities through VFCs has established their rights over Non-Timber Forest Produce’s (NTFPs). Likewise, there are 81 tanks (small and big, including village ponds), managed by local villagers, panchayats and Minor Irrigation (MI) Department. These tanks are also source of livelihood to the vulnerable families by way of fish rearing activities apart from irrigation to the surrounding farm lands. Through GGV and NCPNR , SPS working with like minded organizations in Davanagere District for the effective implementation of the Act and assisting in three areas namely (a) involvement of voluntary organization for awareness and social ( b) the preparation of perspective plans by the Grama Panchayats and (c) training on a continuous basis for PRI members, officials and other stakeholders including NGO personnel.





The goal is to implement NREGA effectively and enhance the livelihood security of poor people, especially of SC/ST background in two GPs by facilitating 100 days of guaranteed employment at the wage of minimum Rs.74/day to all the Target Group households (1893families) willing to do unskilled manual work. Objectives: The specific objectives are; 1) to create awareness among rural poor for effective implementation of NREGA, 2) to create sustainable assets by utilizing NREGA resources that will directly address livelihood issues, 3) to empower Grama Sabha and PRIs , 4) to enhance transparency and accountability by effective use of Right To Information (RTI) including implementation of Jamabandi (Social Audit) and 5) to reduce distress migration. The project is focusing on women and dalits with an intention that they gain additional income through wage employment and assets created through NREGA resources. Women will be the main participants in the project. The total families in the two concerned panchayats are 2743. However, out of these, the targeted families ( landless labourers , marginal and small farmers) are 1893. They are mainly from SC/ST communities who are engaged in manual labour and marginal farming.



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