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  project name ~ Biogas Technician Training Course

category ~ rural development and environment

 
       

  

     

  Project Name

 

Biogas Technician Training Course

  NGO

 

Jnana Prabodhini

  Category

 

rural development and environment

  District

 

Pune

  State

 

Maharashtra

  Budget Approved

 

$ 3500

 

  Year Approved

 

2001

 

 
 
 
 
 

  Photographs

 

  Chapter Coordinators

 

 

Pittsburgh

 

  Caption

 

 

 

  Summary

 

 

Profile of Bio-gas Technician :
1.History and review of bio-gas technology, actual digestion process with gas composition and gas characteristics, controlling
parameters.
2.The different designs like Floating Drum, Janata, Deenbandhu etc. with basic principles, designs and dimensions and comparative
study of plants ,construction requirements like site selection criteria, material types with quantity, quality and costing, critical
dimensions and post-construction measures
3.All the commissioning process like pipe / valve fitting, plumbing requirements, bio-gas stove connection, leakage testing, digester
filling, input requirements, gas pressure, air flow adjustments etc.
4.The problem identification and preparation of check-list useful for study of defective plants , the techniques required for undertaking
repairs of the plants in case of failure for various reasons .
5.The servicing and maintenance tips will be given to the bio-gas technician.
The bio-gas technician will be equipped with all the skills and the tools required to undertake servicing , repairs and basic
entrepreneurial capabilities.
We propose to train 20 youngsters as ‘Biogas Technicians’ who will provide the maintenance &
repairs service to the rural households in the area.
Sr.
Particulars
Amount
1
Stipend to trainees:
20 x 75 days x Rs.20/-

Rs.
30,000/-
2
Construction of
demonstrative Biogas
plants of 3 types

Rs.
40,000/-
3
Masonary, plumbing
tools & basic testing
equipments

Rs.30,000/-
4
Manuals, practical books
& audio-visual training
material

Rs 15,
000/-
5
Travelling and study
tour expenses
Rs.
10,000/-

6
Services of Biogas
experts
Rs.
15,000/-
Total Expenditure :
Rs.1,40,000/-




 
 

  Achievements

 

 

Jnana Prabodhini Biogas Technician Course Assisted by AID,USA. Progress Report - April 2001 to June 2002 1. Status Survey :- The status survey was initiated in the following villages. The prospective technicians / trainees were identified from these villages. Total 12 participants were selected after the individual interviews (See Annexure I). Villages : 1. Sanaswadi 2. Rahatawade 3. Shivapur 4. Karandi 5. Naigaon 6. Degaon 7. Mangdari 8. Kolawadi 9. Yamgarwadi The awareness campaign was organised for the farmers who own the biogas plants. The charts and film on biogas construction was also shown. The household visits to identify the operational and defunct plants were made. The reasons behind the nonfunctioning were noted. Thus the status of about 130 plants were noted. Households willing to adopt the technology were organised at a common place to discuss the plan of action. From this, potential women / farmers to be benefited were finalised. The viability assessment of these plants was done on site. 2. Course Preparation :- From the survey, the training needs were properly identified in which the extent and nature of the defects and difficulties in maintenance were noted. The detailed discussions with experts in Open University, Nasik, State Biogas Federation, BAIF, School of Energy Studies in Pune University as well as individual experts like H. N. Todankar, Dr. S. V. Mapuskar, Ravindra Desai were arranged. The efforts made by other organisations working in the same field like BAIF, RAIN, Bajaj Trust and Centre of Sciences, Vardha were fruitful to know the present situation and past experiences. From these initial efforts the exact requirements of the plant holders and the know-how required to fulfill the same were crystallised. The sessions, syllabus modules and proper training material were devised. Material in the form of booklets, manuals were borrowed from the other institutions. The selection of the candidates from 12 villages was done after the individual interviews. The orientation session was arranged to give background information and clarity about the objectives of the course. 3. Training Methodology :- The role of the biogas technician in the villages will be social as well as technical. The economic aspect of the situation is also necessary. The proper fault finding is the key job. For this he should know the basics of the technology, the development of plants and the real need for the farmers. The field training including the hands on experience in measurements and estimation will serve the purpose. The planning of work schedule along with local resources is also part of the training. The above aspects were covered in the construction of 3 plants in 3 villages. The exposures to various stages upto commissioning were planned for this batch of 12 technicians. The working drawings and the theory part were also taught. From this exercise it was felt that continuous training of minimum 10 days covering all the aspects should be conducted for this batch. Thus, the idea was discussed with Centre of Sciences, Vardha working in the field for last 25 years. Together with Shrikant Karanjekar fron CSV, the course content was designed. 4. Advance Training Workshop at Vardha :- The above workshop was held between 24th December to 2nd January 2002 at CSV, Vardha. The institute is having complete experimental setup, laboratory, different types of plants in the campus and the classroom training centre. The course was conducted as per the syllabus (see Annexure I). The participants were exposed to various demonstrative plants, actual measurements in the field and the operation of plant. They also studied latrine attached biogas plant and slurry usage for productive agriculture. The actual experience while participating in the construction of plants in village Kunghada in block Charmoshi was much enriching. The various stages as well as difficulties during the commissioning were observed keenly by the trainees. Along with the designed course the trainees also visited the training centres in low cost housing, pottery, honey collection, solar equipments, energy efficient devises and had made paper products in the same campus. At the end of the course the trainees acquired the skill regarding the biogas plant construction, repairs and maintenance. The written test and oral examination was conducted at the end in which participants performed satisfactory. 5. Follow-up Programme :- The monthly meeting of technicians is being arranged at the Agro-technical School, Shivapur. The villagewise action plan is chalked out together with technicians. The detailed visits were made to the households identified in the baseline survey. The plant situation study was made with the family members. The estimation of about 30 plants are completed. The repairs are being taken up as per convenience. Total three plants were repaired and brought into action in the last quarter. This was the collective experience for all the technicians. One new plant was constructed and commissioned at village Ranze. The study visit was done to the village Charholi, where the farmers use the gas and the slurry very effectively. The slurry usage promotion for organic farming is also being promoted as the complimentary activity. 6. Future Plan :- The process of convincing the plant-holders for taking up repairs will be continued. The estimates of the plants owned by households - who are willing to operate are being prepared by the technicians. The village wise- repairing activity is planned after the monsoon. Classification of defects will be done according to the skill involved in maintenance. The 2 more batches of technicians will be trained this year. The courses are planned at Shivapur and Velhe. The visit schedules to the functioning plants will be followed to ensure the productive output. Some of the plants are being maintained at much lower productivity. The survey of such plants will be done to suggest the proper action. These plants can be a good example for others to follow. The effective awareness and training material for the community is not available in local languages. The simple material development is in process. The audio-visual documentation of the plant-holders successfully running the plant for more than 5 - 10 years is planned. The interviews of women working on biogas in smoke free, clean kitchen will be documented. The study visits within the district will be arranged. 7. Other points :- While the training of pilot batch was satisfactory, the various difficulties were encountered during the implementation. As the vocation is not familiar in the villages, the initiative among the youth is very less as compared to the conventional jobs. Also, due to failure of the government programmes there is apathy among the community about the technology and its viability. Therefore more period is required to cross these barriers. But from these pilot experiment experiences, it is proved that this new artisanship can be a viable solution for the energy problem in villages. There was delay in starting the course due to the above aspects of the project. Now, as the concept is developed comprehensively the efforts will be more specific. Annexure (I) First batch of Trainees Sr. No. Name Education Village/Block 1. Rahul M. Sanas 10th Std. Sanaswadi / Haveli 2. Kalidas H. Bhoite B.A. Sanaswadi / Haveli 3. Rajesh N. Chorghe 10th Std. Rahatawade / Haveli 4. Pravin V. Chorghe 9th Std. Kolawadi / Velhe 5. Shivaji E. Marne 10th Std. Ketkawane / Velhe 6. Nilesh E. Kanade 12th Std. Kanhersar / Khed 7. Mahesh C. Gaikwad 9th Std. Jogawadi / Bhor 8. Shivaji V. Bhor DCE Kamthadi / Bhor 9. Rishikish S. Khaire 9th Std. Naigaon / Bhor 10. Pradeep G. Khutwad 12th Std. Degaon / Bhor 11. Prakash B. Dhawale 12th Std. Yangarwadi / Tuljapur 12. Rohidas B. Limhan DCE Vinzar / Velhe § JP representatives : Madhav Deshpande - Project Head Subodh Kulkarni - Coordinator Annexure (II) BIOGAS TECHNICIAN COURSE Contents 1. History and review of biogas technology :- * Some statistics, National scenario 2. What is biogas digester? * About digestion process * Gas composition, gas characteristics * Controlling parameters 3. Different designs :- * Floating drum, Janata, Deenbandhu * Basic principles * Design and dimensions * Comparative study of plants 4. Construction requirements :- * Site selection criteria * Material types, quantity, quality, costing * Various stages of construction, critical dimensions * Curing, painting 5. Commissioning :- * Pipe, Valves fitting * Plumbing requirements * Biogas stove connection * Leakage testing * Digester filling * Input requirements * Gas pressure, air flow adjustments * A running plant - flame, input/output 6. Study of defective plants :- * Problem identification * Survey proforma and problem checklist 7. Plant defects and solutions :- * Fixed dome plant - dome leakage, inlet and outlet status, slurry discharge level, construction cracks, surroundings. * Floating drum - Rusting, Water chamber leakages, Wall cracks, inlet / outlet status, floating action, painting. 8. Accessories'''''''' defects and solutions :- * Pipeline and valve status * Choking of pipeline * Water removal system * Biogas stove - burners, buttons, air adjusters 9. Operational defects and solutions :- * Input status - quantity, quality, frequency * Output status - free discharge, slurry analysis * Gas pressure, scum formation, vapour formation, temperature affecting / maintaining parameters 10. Maintenance tips :- * Servicing card system * Daily, weekly, monthly, annually, 5 yearly maintenance [END=report_pub] [BEGIN=type] rep [END=type] [BEGIN=feedback] [END=feedback] [BEGIN=visit_by] [END=visit_by] [BEGIN=feedback_pub] Biogas Technician Course Assisted by AID, USA. Progress Report during the period - July 2000 to March 2001 The following activities in the project were completed during the period - July 2000 to March 2001 : 1. Baseline Survey : The survey was conducted in the four prospective village clusters in Bhor, Haveli and Velhe block. The status report on the existing plants and interviews with the households, willing to adopt the technology were completed. From this, the potential was assessed. 2. Construction of demonstrative plants : The two types of plants having the capacities- 2cu.m and 3cu.m were constructed and commissioned during the period. These plants were purposefully constructed in two different clusters. The process drawings and guidelines for the masons were standardised during the construction. 3. Training of prospective trainers and candidates : While commissioning of the plants, the training regarding the handling of tools, measuring instruments and the precautions to be taken in maintaining the plant was imparted to the prospective trainers as well as the candidates for the course. 4. Developing the training material : The syllabus and the course content was finalised after the trials. The hand outs, booklet and few charts were prepared in local language. Some resource material from other institutions is being collected for training. The expert faculty in the field is also involved in the process. 5. Orientation cum Publicity gatherings : These gatherings are being organised in various clusters using audio-visual aids to introduce the concept. During these, the registration of plant-holders and the participants is done. First Quarter Planning ( April 2001 to June 2001) · The practical lessons in the field are planned before mansoon. The clusterwise gatherings will be conducted. The candidates will be selected from the first trial batch conducted. · The multiple sets of training material and tools will be prepared. ========================================================== Jnana Prabodhini Apr2001 [END=feedback_pub] [BEGIN=visit_date] 6/6/2002

 

  Goals

 

 

There is a severe problem of unemployment in the rural areas. Especially,for the youngsters who are not able to complete even their school , this problem becomes more acute. Those who cross the threshold of school-ending exam, atleast stand some chances of employment and further prestige in life. One cannot ignore that there is also a large number of youngsters who have completed their education upto a degree or diploma in some or the other subjects, are still groping in the dark for want of jobs. For those whose families hold some agricultural land, the option of engaging themselves to the farming operations remains open. However, the psycological impact of pursuing formal education upto the 10th standard is aversive to getting down to the gray collard or un-collard operations like farming. Such youngsters slowly turn into problematic persons for the families as will as to the society. Day by day the land owners are complaining that farm labour is felt to be very expensive with increasing daily wage rates and decreasing productivity. This state of affair continues for long time even when there is a large number of youngsters loitering idle in the respective villages. Need of re-vitalizing the bio-gas technology : This undoubtedly efficient grass-root technology was developed to overcome the problem of non-availability of cooking gas in remote villages. Besides saving the trees, which were used as the main source of energy for cooking, it also produces organic manure. This technology is simple to use and maintain. But, today, this image is shadowed by non-functionality and poor performance of the majority of plants in villages (National average — 66%). As this technology is enviro- friendly, the importance of which is increasingly felt, there is a need to re-vitalize the technology.There are innumerable benefits such as efficient energy source. The by-product can be used for soil conditioning and enrichment. More importantly, it gives hygienic environment and sanitation where latrine is attached. Developing technical support team locally to take care of the bio-gas plants is an important task. A well-trained bio-gas technician’s network undertaking regular servicing, maintenance, modification or repairs contract will definitely serve the purpose. The project proposes to train 20 unemployed rural youth as biogas technicians. The bio-gas technician will be equipped with all the skills and the tools required to undertake servicing , repairs and basic entrepreneurial capabilities. So, they will be able to help in reviving the biogas technology in rural area, which may prove to be a solution to the energy and environmental problems in villages. Creating New Vocations in the Changing Rural Scenario (A Project Proposal from Jnana Prabodhini, Pune 411030, Maharashtra, India) About the Organization: Way back in 1962, Dr. V.V. Pendse, an educationalist par excellence, dreamt of an institute that will awaken intellectual, physical and spiritual potential in our youth and develop them into integrated individuals committed to making positive contribution to the social development. Over the past four decades, Jnana Prabodhini (JP) has evolved as a movement for motivating intelligence towards social change. Jnana Prabodhini is now an ensemble of 4 schools; 4 research institutes; a computer training center; 3 other training-cum-production units; a hundred-bed hospital, and a rural development program spread over from four adjoining blocks of Pune District, Maharashtra. About the present proposal There is a severe problem of unemployment in the rural areas. Especially, for the youngsters who are not able to complete even their school, this problem becomes more acute. Also, there exists a need of re-vitalizing the biogas technology. This undoubtedly efficient grass-root technology was developed to overcome the problem of non-availability of cooking gas in remote villages. Besides saving the trees, which were used as the main source of energy for cooking, it also produces organic manure. This technology is simple to use and maintain. But, today, this image is shadowed by non-functionality and poor performance of the majority of plants in villages (National average - 66%). Developing technical support team locally to take care of the biogas plants is an important task. A well-trained biogas technician''''''''s network undertaking regular servicing, maintenance, modification or repairs contract will definitely serve the purpose. So, JP has proposed to conduct a Biogas Technicians Training Program. The program aims at training 20 unemployed rural youths in construction, servicing and maintenance of different designs of biogas plants. The trainees will be exposed to the theoretical as well as practical aspects of this technology. Major emphasis of the course will be on fieldwork (site selection, construction & commissioning of plants, problem identification, undertaking repairs etc.). In short, the course will lead to self-employment opportunities to the rural youth and also provide a much needed support structure for the environmentally benign renewable energy source of biogas plants in rural settings. Apart from this Biogas Technicians Course (which has been approved by AID-Pittsburgh chapter), Jnana Prabodhini has also proposed two more activities viz. a Farm Operators Training Course and Formation of Farmer''''''''s Co-operative for Water Distribution.

 
 

  


 
 
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