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  project name ~ Kalpavriksh Mining Study

category ~ rural development and environment




  Project Name


Kalpavriksh Mining Study






rural development and environment







  Budget Approved


$ 4100


  Year Approved







  Chapter Coordinators


Komudi Singh











The NGO, Kalpavriksh, was established in 1979 and focuses on issues related to conservation and development, biodiversity conservation, and environmental education. It possesses expertise in legal issues related to construction of dams, mining and their impact on local ecology.

This project was funded realizing the urgent need to survey the impact of mining on protected areas across India. The funding was in the form of a stipend and additional expenses totalling to $4100 to the principal investigator for a period of 1 year.

The entire study was stretched over 4 years and was started in 1999. The outcome of the project was the report ‘Undermining India’. This report provides detailed state-wise information on impact of mining near their respective protected areas, legal issues concerning mining around these regions, legal cases of conflicts, people’s participation in protecting civil rights of the victims of mining operation, ecological amelioration practices and legal and environmental recommendations concerning mining. It was distributed to various government establishments, including (and not limited to), Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), Indian Bureau of Mines (IBM) and networks like Mines Minerals and People (mmP).





(1) The project resulted in a 105-page writeup titled ‘Undermining India’. This article is divided into eight chapters, which together address important questions concerning 3 key aspects to the issue-environment, people’s rights and legal framework. (2) The document is an up-to-date and useful reference on the important aspects of the above three aspects. (3) It’s target audience was the government, the mining industry, mining activists, and academia. (4)This was distributed to several government institutions including (and not limited to) (a) Secerateries of Environment and Forest and Mining, Indian Bureau of Mines, Indian School of Mines, Ministry of Environment and Forests (b) mining networks like Mines, Minerals and People (mmP) (c) workshops of reputed societies (like BNHS) (d) Press releases were made in Hindu and Ecologist Asia (5)Ministry of Environment and Forests(MoEF) asked Indian Bureau of Mines(IBM) to respond to the article. IBM interacted with Kalpavriksh concerning several technical details written in the article but later left them out of the loop. (6) The principal investigator paticipated in a meeting in India prior to the World Parks Congress (WPC), 2003.





The specific goals of this project are to produce a comprehensive document covering the following issues: 1) To get a national picture of mining threats to PAs and other crucial wildlife habitats. 2) To initiate a campaign based on the above, in collaboration with other local and national groups and individuals. 3) To study the implications of current developmental policy (specifically mining) on wildlife conservation. 4) To explore effective use of current laws and policies (environmental, forest, wildlife, tribal) in tackling the mining threat (including environmental provisions within mining laws). 5) To stress the need to urgently undertake the ecological restoration of mined areas (especially in and around critical wildlife habitats) in consonance with the original biodiversity values of the area. 6) To put together a database on mining and wildlife. 7) To list criticial gaps in information, research and action, and suggest ways to fill these gaps.



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