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  project name ~ Organic Farming In Rural Orissa Including Mining P

category ~ Rural Development and Environment




  Project Name


Organic Farming In Rural Orissa Including Mining P






Rural Development and Environment







  Budget Approved


$ 14000


  Year Approved








  Chapter Coordinators


Ramachandran Balachandran











Agragamee a voluntary organisation registered under the Societies Act has been working with the tribal communities of Orissa for several years. In the course of its work, it has addressed issues of economic deprivation, as also the violation of the basic human rights of the tribal people in Orissa. Taking this work forward, the present project seeks to introduce methods for sustainable agriculture to tribal farmers. Taken up in three districts, (Kashipur Bock of Rayagada Dist., Dasmanthpur Block of Koraput Dist. and Tentulikhunti Block of Nabrangpur Dist), the project seeks to introduce environmentally sound agricultural practices to tribal farmers in some of the remotest, and poverty stricken (according to various HD Indicators) tribal pockets of the state. Tribal farmers cultivate without pesticides and fertilizers, but their cultivation on hill slopes is getting increasingly unsustainable, because of loss of soil cover, and the extensive nature of shifting cultivation. On the other hand, huge multi-national corporations are coming into the region for mining, and ore processing, which will lead to further destruction of this fragile eco-system, and livelihoods of the tribal people. This process has already displaced lakhs of tribal families in these and neighbouring districts of Southern Orissa, leading to impoverishment, insecurities ( food, livelihood, ecological),loss of agricultural land, and much distress and destitution. However, there is a perception that there is no alternate to this kind of development. The present project which seeks to combine training and demonstration, with direct interventions, as also provide market support, seeks to prove that viable people centred alternatives are the ecologically sound way of developing tribal regions rather than extractive industries and multi-purpose dams





To be filled once the project funding starts.





Ø To help tribals adopt improved techniques for the cultivation of horticultural crops in selected villages; Ø To demonstrate environment friendly and ecologically sound techniques of cultivation in selected tribal villages, and create awareness regarding these techniques and their uses, so that it would be adopted on a large scale in the area; Ø To improve land use in a holistic and sustainable manner and develop appropriate techniques for soil and water conservation for the long term benefit of the tribal community; Ø To help tribal communities have better income and nutritional levels by enabling them to produce high value food crops that would be a nutritional supplement, as also have a good demand in the market; Ø To introduce techniques of low external input cultivation to strengthen the agricultural economy; Ø To facilitate linkages with the market (local,national, international)so that the surplus produce could be sold off at remunerative prices to the producer; Ø To improve the food security situation within the tribal community by developing multiple and mixed cropping systems that would help buffer against the vagaries of weather. Ø To demonstrate viable alternatives to the present paradigm of destructive and capital intensive development with the help of people’s initiatives.



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